Saturday, July 11, 2009

Project Based Learning(PBL)

Definition of Project Based Learning(PBL)

Project-based learning (PBL) is typically has a time line and milestones which a model for classroom activity that shifts away from the classroom practices of short, isolated, teacher-centered lessons and instead emphasizes learning activities that are long-term, interdisciplinary, and student-centered. Project-Based Learning also is an individual or group activity that resulting in a product, presentation, or performance.

Project-Based Learning brings together intellectual inquiry, rigorous real-world standards, and student engagement in relevant and meaningful work. It is a comprehensive instructional model in which project work is central to student and instead of sharing much in common with Process Writing.

There are six step version of Process Writing as below:

  1. brainstorming
  2. organizing the brainstormed ideas
  3. developing a draft
  4. obtaining feedback
  5. revising, which may involve going bask to earlier steps
  6. publishing

The Basics of Project-based learning (PBL)

Project-based learning is an instructional model for classroom activity that involve students in investigative activities, problem-solving, design, and decision making. This model of instruction allows the opportunity for students to work autonomously over significant amounts of time and often culminates in realistic presentations or products.

Additionally, project-based instruction differs from traditional inquiry by its emphasis on students' own artifact construction to represent what is being learned.

Students pursue solutions to nontrivial problems by:

  • making predictions
  • collecting and analyzing data
  • asking and refining questions
  • drawing conclusions
  • debating ideas
  • designing plans and/or experiments
  • communicating their ideas and findings to others

Characteristics of PBL

i. Learning is student centered.

ii. Teachers are facilitators to students.

iii. Learning occurs in small student groups.

iv. Problems for the organizing focus and stimulus for learning.

v. Problems are a vehicle for the development of clinical problem-solving skills.

Process of PBL

1) Students confront a problem

2) In groups, students organize knowledge and attempt to identify the nature of the problem.

3) Students pose questions of what they do not understand.

4) Students design a plan to solve the problem and identify the resources they need.

5) Students begin to gather information as the work to solve the problem.

What are the benefits of Project Based Learning?

* Provides a means for transferring, in whole or in part, the responsibility for learning from teachers to students.

* Allows students to try out new skills and model complex behaviour in a non-threatening fashion.

* Prompts students to collaborate while at the same time supporting self-directed learning.

* Shifts students away from doing only what they typically do. For example, projects provide the means to give followers the experience of being task leaders.

* Offers multiple ways for students to participate and to demonstrate their knowledge.

* Offers a learning experience that draws on the thinking and shared efforts of several individuals.

1 comment:

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