Wednesday, April 14, 2010

Healthy Foods to Eat

The closer a food is to its natural state, the better it is for you. Fresh fruits and berries are great and will satisfy a craving for sweets. Whole vegetables have lots of vitamins and minerals, so eat more green, orange and yellow vegetables. Steam them to retain the most nutritional value and be careful with sauces, they may be high in calories and fats that aren't good for you.

Any pasta or baked goods should be made from whole grains. Avoid sugary snacks and pastries as well. An apple is good for you, an apple pie really isn't.

Shop for lean meats and don't forget the fish. The omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in ocean fish are often deficient in our diets, so serve seafood two or three times per week. Baked fish and chicken are healthier than fried, and lean meats like bison or venison may be healthier than higher fat beef.

Processed lunch meats, hot dogs, bacon, and sausages have a lot of saturated fat and nitrates in them you don't want in your body. If you love these meats, you can find healthier versions sold at health food stores.

Remember to eat a variety of foods to get all of the vitamins and minerals you need to be healthy.

Stick to water, milk and 100% fruit and vegetable juices as your main beverages and limit sugary soft drinks. If you get tired of plain water, add a slice of lemon or lime to add a touch of flavor. For kids, try some fruit juice jazzed up with carbonated water.
Unhealthy Foods

* Battered and deep fried foods
* Sugary sodas
* Processed lunch meats
* Greasy snack chips
* White bread and refined pasta
* Most canned spaghetti and ravioli
* Sugary breakfast cereals
* Frozen fried chicken, fish sticks and corn dogs

Healthy Foods

* Green and brightly colored vegetables
* Dark leafy greens and lettuce
* Fresh fruits and berries
* Lean turkey and chicken
* Nuts, dried fruits and healthy snacks
* Whole grain breads and pasta
* Healthy cooking oils like canola and olive oils
* Grass fed beef and bison
* Cold water oily ocean fish
* Low fat milk or soy beverages
* Nuts, seeds, and legumes

Tuesday, April 13, 2010

Teacher Sample-Multimedia Presentation & Publication (Brochure)

Healthy Lifestyle Choices

The following are some changes you can make to lead a healthier, less stressed lifestyle.

•Healthy Eating
One of the most popular changes people like to make to live a healthy lifestyle is to eat differently. Because of the negative health consequences of obesity, the influence fitness has on our self-esteem, and the effects of nutrition on our stress levels and longevity, switching to a healthier diet brings some of the greatest benefits for wellness. Read about stress and weight gain, the interaction between stress and nutrition or the role of stress in emotional eating.

•Regular Exercise

Getting regular exercise is another wonderful way to keep your weight in check, manage overall stress levels, and stay connected with others. Exercise can also help keep many health conditions at bay, and is well worth the effort. (The trick is to start gradually and work your way up.) Learn more about exercise for stress relief, and find exercise tips for busy people.

•Quality Sleep
People often underestimate the importance of getting enough sleep, and getting the right type. However, lack of adequate sleep has many negative consequences--they're subtle, but significant. Getting enough sleep isn't one of the most popular changes that people resolve to make, but it should be. Because stress can rob you of sleep, and because many of the techniques that promote sleep can also reduce stress (and vice versa), it's a very good idea to learn more about how stress affects sleep and how to get quality sleep when stressed.

Exercise: 7 benefits of regular physical activity

You know exercise is good for you — but do you know how good? From boosting your mood to improving your sex life, find out how exercise can improve your life.
The merits of regular physical activity — from preventing chronic health conditions to promoting weight loss and better sleep — are hard to ignore. And the benefits are yours for the taking, regardless of age, sex or physical ability. Need more convincing? Check out seven specific ways exercise can improve your life.

1. Exercise improves your mood.
Need to blow off some steam after a stressful day? A workout at the gym or a brisk 30-minute walk can help you calm down.
Physical activity stimulates various brain chemicals that may leave you feeling happier and more relaxed than you were before you worked out. You'll also look better and feel better when you exercise regularly, which can boost your confidence and improve your self-esteem. Regular physical activity can even help prevent depression.

2. Exercise combats chronic diseases.
Worried about heart disease? Hoping to prevent osteoporosis? Physical activity might be the ticket.
Regular physical activity can help you prevent — or manage — high blood pressure. Your cholesterol will benefit, too. Regular physical activity boosts high-density lipoprotein (HDL), or "good," cholesterol while decreasing triglycerides. This one-two punch keeps your blood flowing smoothly by lowering the buildup of plaques in your arteries.
And there's more. Regular physical activity can help you prevent type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis and certain types of cancer.

3. Exercise helps you manage your weight.
Want to drop those excess pounds? Trade some couch time for walking or other physical activities.
This one's a no-brainer. When you engage in physical activity, you burn calories. The more intense the activity, the more calories you burn — and the easier it is to keep your weight under control. You don't even need to set aside major chunks of time for working out. Take the stairs instead of the elevator. Walk during your lunch break. Do jumping jacks during commercials. Better yet, turn off the TV and take a brisk walk. Dedicated workouts are great, but physical activity you accumulate throughout the day helps you burn calories, too.

4. Exercise boosts your energy level.
Winded by grocery shopping or household chores? Don't throw in the towel. Regular physical activity can leave you breathing easier.
Physical activity delivers oxygen and nutrients to your tissues. In fact, regular physical activity helps your entire cardiovascular system — the circulation of blood through your heart and blood vessels — work more efficiently. Big deal? You bet! When your heart and lungs work more efficiently, you'll have more energy to do the things you enjoy.

5. Exercise promotes better sleep.
Struggling to fall asleep? Or stay asleep? It might help to boost your physical activity during the day.
A good night's sleep can improve your concentration, productivity and mood. And you guessed it — physical activity is sometimes the key to better sleep. Regular physical activity can help you fall asleep faster and deepen your sleep. There's a caveat, however. If you exercise too close to bedtime, you may be too energized to fall asleep. If you're having trouble sleeping, you might want to exercise earlier in the day.

By Mayo Clinic staff

Look for the positive in every situation.
Steps I will take to achieve this goal:

Be aware of my thoughts and feelings.
Steps I will take to achieve this goal:

Eat a healthy diet.
Steps I will take to achieve this goal:

Value myself and my creativity.
Steps I will take to achieve this goal:

Exercise regularly.
Steps I will take to achieve this goal:

Avoid alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.
Steps I will take to achieve this goal:

Stay open to new ideas.
Steps I will take to achieve this goal:

Get adequate rest.
Steps I will take to achieve this goal:

Accept change willingly.
Steps I will take to achieve this goal:

Express emotions appropriately.
Steps I will take to achieve this goal:

Make decisions based on what I think is best for me.
Steps I will take to achieve this goal:

Respect myself and others.
Steps I will take to achieve this goal:

Practice preventive health care.
Steps I will take to achieve this goal:

Definition of Healthy Living

What is the definition of Healthy Living?

The World Health Organization (WHO), defines Health as a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not simply just the absence of disease.
The actual definition of Healthy Living is the steps, actions and strategies one puts in place to achieve optimum health.
Healthy Living is about taking responsibility for your decisions and making smart health choices for today and for the future. So healthy living would consist of:

Physical (For the body):
• Good nutrition, eating right
• Getting physically fit, beneficial exercise,
• Adequate rest
• Proper stress management.

Emotional Wellness (For the mind):
• Self-supportive attitudes,
• Positive thoughts and viewpoints
• Positive self-image.
You also need to give and receive:
• Forgiveness,
• Love and compassion;
• You need to laugh and experience happiness;
• You need joyful relationships with yourself and others.

Spiritual Wellness:
• Inner calmness,
• Openness to your creativity,
• Trust in your inner knowing.
And all aspects of one’s self, must work in harmony to achieve wellness, so you need to create a balanced life.


Healthy Lifestyle-Multimedia Presentation

Akta-Akta Yang Berkaitan Disleksia

Akta-Akta Yang Berkaitan Disleksia

Pendidikan khas semakin diberi perhatian sejak penggubalan semula Akta
Pendidikan 1961 kepada Akta Pendidikan 1996 iaitu menyediakan khusus yang
berkaitan dengan pendidikan Khas. Perlaksanaan Dasar Pendidikan Wajib di Peringkat
Rendah 2003 melalui perintah Pendidikan (Pendidikan Wajib) 2002 yang memberi
peluang kepada semua warga Malaysia yang berumur 6 tahun untuk mendapat pendidikan di institusi yang disediakan oleh pihak kerajaan melalui Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. Sistem pendidikan ini menyediakan peluang kepada semua rakyat dalam lingkungan umur kelayakan untuk mendapat pendidikan secara percuma. Dasar Pendidikan Untuk Semua, serta Dasar Pendemokrasian Pendidikan yang dilancarkan sebelum ini akan diperkukuhkan lagi oleh perlaksanaan Dasar Persekolahan Wajib.


Sejarah Pendidikan Disleksia

Sejarah Pendidikan Disleksia

Penubuhan program disleksia telah dirancang oleh Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia sejak pengambilan kumpulan pertama guru-guru untuk menjalani kursus disleksia selama empat belas minggu . Akhirnya, program ini telah dapat direalisasikan pada 13 Mac 2004 dengan memilih Sekolah Kebangsaan Taman Tun Dr. Ismail (2) sebagai sekolah pra-rintis program disleksia.

Program ini dimulakan dengan hanya tujuh orang murid dan dua orang guru. Subjek yang diajar pada masa itu adalah Bahasa Malaysia. Kini, program disleksia di sekolah mempunyai tiga puluh tiga orang murid dan empat orang guru yang mengajar subjek-subjek utama seperti Bahasa Malaysia, Sains dan Matematik. Murid-murid disleksia dikehendaki mengikuti pembelajaran subjek-subjek lain di kelas arus perdana.
Pelancaran rasmi program disleksia di Peringkat Kebangsaan telah disempurnakan di Sekolah Kebangsaan Taman Tun Dr. Ismail (2) pada 16 Jun 2004, oleh Yang Bahagia Puan Hajah Siti Zaharah binti Mat Akib iaitu Timbalan Ketua Pengarah Pelajaran, Jabatan Pendidikan Khas, Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia.

i) Tokoh-tokoh

Rosana (1998) menyatakan bahawa kanak-kanak disleksia dapat dikesan melalui ciri-ciri iaitu kosa kata tulisan yang tidak seimbang, lambat dalam bertutur, lemah dalam menyusun ayat, pelupa, kurang kemahiran mengeja, seolah-olah faham ketika proses P&P dalam kelas tetapi mendapat keputusan merosot dalam ujian, tidak tepat dalam bacaan dan tidak terancang. Namun begitu, disleksia bukanlah suatu kecacatan kerana tidak mempunyai kaitan dengan tahap kecerdikan atau IQ seseorang

Sofiah (2000) menyatakan bahawa disleksia dapat disembuhkan dengan bantuan rawatan (BOLD 2000). Hasil daripada kajian pakar perubatan dengan mendapati kanak-kanak disleksia dari segi fizikal adalah aktif (Zabidi 2000).

Coralie (2000) menyatakan bahawa lazimnya kanak-kanak disleksia diberi peluang pendidikan seperti kanak-kanak biasa. Proses mengenalpasti dan merancang keperluan pembelajaran kanak-kanak disleksia ini adalah sangat penting. Rosana (1998) menyatakan bahawa secara keseluruhannya pelajar disleksia adalah lemah dalam pembelajaran. Mereka bersikap pelupa dan tidak tepat serta lambat dalam bertutur. Irwin (2000) turut bersetuju bahawa individu yang menghadapi masalah disleksia tersebut memerlukan satu program khusus untuk belajar membaca, menulis dan mengeja. Hal ini kerana rogram pengajaran biasa tidak selalunya efektif untuk pelajar-pelajar disleksia. Malah, beliau juga menyatakan bahawa alternatif pengajaran adalah perlu sekali dititikberatkan oleh guru. Contohnya menjalankan aktiviti dengan melibatkan penggunaan pelbagai deria pelajar dalam pengajaran dan pembelajaran seperti task-on.

Antara selebriti dan tokoh terkemuka dunia yang dikatakan mempunyai masalah disleksia seperti yang dilaporkan dalam Time Magazine bertarikh 8 September 2003 ialah Thomas Edison, Tom Cruise, Whoopi Goldberg dan bekas Perdana Menteri Singapura iaitu Lee Kuan Yew.

ii) Institusi

Kelas Inklusif Disleksia di SK Taman Tun Dr. Ismail adalah melaksanakan pengajaran Bahasa Malaysia kepada murid-murid yang hanya menghadapi masalah dalam subjek Bhasa Malaysia. Justeru, mereka akan mengikuti pembelajaran subjek- subjek lain di kelas arus perdana. Manakala Kelas Khas Disleksia pula adalah dibuka untuk murid-murid yang lemah dalam subjek Bahasa Malaysia, Sains dan Matematik.
Jadual waktu bagi Kelas Inklusif dan Kelas Khas Disleksia tersebut diambil daripada kelas arus perdana. Jadual waktu bagi ketiga-tiga jenis kelas tersebut tidak mempunyai perbezaan yang ketara kecuali teknik pengajaran dan bahan-bahan yang guru aplikasikan semasa proses P&P.

Introduction of Dyslexia

Introduction of Dyslexia

A. Definition and Concept
Dyslexia has been around for a long time and has been defined in different ways.
1) The World Federation of Neurologists defined dyslexia as “a disorder in children who, despite conventional classroom experience, fail to attain the language skills of reading, writing, and spelling commensurate with their intellectual abilities.” (1968)

2) According to the U.S. National Institutes of Health, dyslexia is a learning disability that can hinder a person's ability to read, write, spell, and sometimes speak.
(Dyslexia is the most common learning disability in children and persists throughout life. The severity of dyslexia can vary from mild to severe. The sooner dyslexia is treated, the more favorable the outcome; however, it is never too late for people with dyslexia to learn to improve their language skills.)

Monday, February 1, 2010

Individual with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 2004 dan Akta Pendidikan 1996

Apa itu IDEA
Individual with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 2004 merupakan undang – undang Perseketuan Amerika Syarikat yang melindungi perkhidmatan pendidikan khas kanak-kanak kurang upaya bermula kelahiran mereka sehinggah tamat persekolahan peringkat menengah atas. Akta ini diwartakan oleh Kongres Amerika Syarikat pada tahun 2004 dan membawa perubahan besar dalam perkhidmatan serta perlaksanaan Pendidikan Khas di negara ini.
Pada mulanya IDEA dikenali sebagai Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EHA) padatahun 1975. IDEA akan dikemaskini setiap lima tahun dan yang terkini ialah IDEA, 2004. IDEA terbahagi kepada empat komponen iaitu komponen A, B, C, dan D. Kompenan A mentakrifkan istilah yang digunakan dalam undang – undang ini. Kompenan B ialah membahagaikan sumber kewangan setiap negeri untuk membekalkan perkhidmatan kepada kanak-kanak yang layak dan golongan muda yang kurang upaya. Komponen C berkaitan dengan
Program Pertumbuhan Awal Bayi dan Kanak – Kanak kurang upaya. Dimana perkhidmatan ini termasuklah kursus kekeluargaan, kaunseling, lawatan ke rumah, perkhidmatan pengucapan dan bahasa, fisioterapi dan terapi fizikal. Komponen D membantu jabatan pendidikan negeri dan agensi lain dalam mempertingkatkan usaha mereka dalam membantu kanak-kanak kurang upaya.
Akta Pendidikan
Akta Pendidikan 1996 telah berkuatkuasa pada 31 Disember 1997. Berbanding dengan Akta Pelajaran 1961, Akta Pendidikan 1996 mula menitik beratkan golongan kurang upaya dengan membolehkan Menterinya mengadakan pendidikan khas di sekolah khas atau di mana-mana sekolah rendah atau menengah. Pendidikan khas akan diberi perhatian yang lebih dengan adanya peruntukan yang cukup.
Jabatan Pendidikan Khas menyediakan peluang - peluang pendidikan kepada kesemua aspek murid khas seperti berikut ;
1. Program cacat Penglihatan
2. Program Cacat Pendengaran
3. Program Bermasalah Pembelajaran / Program Intergrasi
4. Program Pendidikan Inklusif
Secara kesimpulannya, Individual With Disabilities Act, IDEA 2004 dan Akta Pendidikan adalah dua perkara yang sama tetapi berbeza daripada segi peruntukkan bidang kuasa. IDEA lebih fokus berbanding dengan Akta pendidikan dalam hal – hal berkaiatan dengan murid pendidikan khas.
Akta Pendidikan 1996; Bersifat general. Peruntukan untuk golongan murid dan sekolah khas adalah kecil sahaja dalam akta ini. Golongan ‘murid khas’, tidak dinyatakan dengan jelas. Takrifan ‘sekolah khas dan ‘murid khas’ yang terlalu am. Tidak dinyatakan atau diperuntukan dalam Akta ini bahawa pendidikan untuk golongan ini perlu bermula daripada zaman kanak-kanak mereka.
IDEA 2004; Lebih jelas dan spesifik. Akta ini khusus untuk pendidikan kepada golongan kurang upaya. IDEA merupakan undang-undang perseketuan yang melindungi perkhidmatan pendidikan kepada golongan kurang upaya bermula mereka lahir sehinggah tamat sekolah menengah.
Takrifan Pendidikan Khas
AKTA PENDIDIKAN 2004; Pendidikan yang menyediakan keperluan pendidikan khas murid. Sekolah yang menyediakan pendidikan khas yang ditetapkan melalui peraturan - peraturan yang dibuat di bawah seksyen 41;
IDEA 2004; Pengajaran yang direka khas, tiada yuran ibu bapa, keperluan unik untuk kanak-kanak kurang upaya, termasuk rekaan bilik darjah, rumah, hospital, institusi dan lain-lain.

Takrifan Kanak-kanak Pendidikan Khas
IDEA 2004; Kanak – kanak kurang upaya yang termasuk dalam 13 ciri ketidak upayaan yang termaktub dalam IDEA dan memerlukan pendidikan khas serta perkhidmatan yang berkaitan kerana ketidakupayaannya; atau kanak-kanak yang berumur 3 hinggah 9 tahun yang mengalami kerencatan akal.
Kategori Ketidakupyaan
AKTA PENDIDIKAN 1996 : Tidak dinyatakan
IDEA 2004: Autisma, pekak-buta, kecelaruan emosi, masalah pendengaran, kerencatan mental,kecatatan pelbagai, ketidakupyaan ortopodik, lain – lain masalah kesihatan (asmah, ADHD/ADD, diabetes, epilepsy, masalah hati, leukemia, hemophilia, keracunan plumbum, nephritis, rheumatic fever, sickle cell anemia dan Tourette syndrome), masalah pembelajaran spesifik (contoh masalah persepsi, kecederaan otak, disfungsi otak, Dislexia, Developmental Aphasia), ketidakupayaan pertuturan dan pendengaran, kecedaraan otak traumatik, ketidakupyaan visual (termasuk buta), dan pembesaran terbantut.
Takrifan Sekolah Khas
AKTA PENDIDIKAN 1996; Sekolah yang menyediakan Pendidikan Khas yang ditetapkan melalui peraturan – peraturan yang dibuat di bawah Seksyen 41.

Penilaian dan Peperiksaan (Rancangan Pengajaran Individu)
AKTA PENDIDIKAN; RPI Masih tidak dijalankan sepenuhnya.
IDEA 2004; IEP (Individualized Education Plan) perlu dilaksanakan.